The distinguishing characteristic of black diarrhea is the passing of dark and sometimes stinking runny stool.
Other possible signs include vomiting, flatulence, an elevated body temperature and a distended stomach.
It is usual to experience a mild and irregular stomachache in this type of diarrhea, but continuous, unrelenting pain would be atypical and alarming.
Black diarrhea causes
A dark tint in stool could be a normal occurrence brought about by the consumption of some types of foods or drugs.
Foods that may result in black diarrhea include meats containing blood, beets, black and blueberries and food coloring used in desserts.
Drugs associated with this diarrhea include digestive system drugs such as Maalox and iron supplements used to counter a lack of iron from blood loss or insufficient amounts of iron in the body due to other contributory conditions.
Consumption of the mineral lead and charcoal, which is used to counter the accidental swallowing of poisons could also cause black diarrhea.
Besides ingested food, drugs and minerals, black diarrhea could also be associated with gastro-intestinal bleeding. The point of origin could be any spot along the digestive tract, for example, the oral cavity, stomach or intestines or sometimes the adjacent respiratory tract, for instance, blood from the nose may be gulped down and therefore introduced into the digestive tract.
Blood in the digestive system could be brought about by wounds caused by tumors, infections, and acidity, or by other existing illnesses that irritate and the intestinal wall, such as Crohn’s disease.
Black diarrhea treatment
Proper management of this illness should involve replacing lost body liquids since this diarrhea could possibly result in a possibly dangerously low amount of liquids in the body, especially if diarrhea is coupled with a high body temperature and if the person affected throws up as well.
Treatment of black diarrhea would be based on its origin. The main underlying cause for this diarrhea is intestinal wounds an gastroesophageal reflux. Appropriate therapy should therefore involve reflux drugs, for instance H2 opponent drugs and antacids like Zantac and Ranitidine, and ulcer medications like Omeprazole and Prilosec OTC Acid Reducer.
Critical blood loss may necessitate a hospital stay and if excessive blood is lost, a transfusion may be performed.